INTRODUCTION TO SCULPTURE
Below is the study guide to the lecture on Sculpture. Students should fill in the missing information so they have something to study from.
Sculpture is: (define)
(Define or describe)
The Woman of Willendorf
Three methods are used when creating sculpture (list)
Materials used in sculpture (at least three)
Define Found Objects:
Another name for Found Object:
Made famous by:
Define Installation Art:
Why is Robert Smithson important?
ASSIGNMENT: Sculpture project (50 points)
You are going to construct a 3-dimensional free standing sculpture. It can be a figure (human or animal), an object or objects, or an abstraction. You may model your sculpture off a real object (AKA replicate a candy wrapper only magnify it 10 times) or create a previously unknown creature. You may build a figure in motion or represent an emotion in three dimensions. The possibilities of ideas are endless.
The size of your fabulous work however, is a little more restricted. Because of limited storage space in the room, your sculptures are limited to 18” in every direction. Can it be twice as long and half as wide? Maybe. Sketch out the idea and we can talk.
The materials are wide open—wire, cardboard, fabric, plaster, paper, found object, wood, foil, plastic, etc. If you think of something you might like to use but can’t find, ask. If I have it at home I will gladly let you have it. You are also welcome to scavenge for materials and bring them to class.
1. Come up with three different ideas. You will need to draw a thumbnail sketch of each idea from three different viewpoints (front, left side, right side, top, back). Each idea is worth 10 exercise points. In addition to the drawings you will need to make a materials list. You are not limited to one thing. If you want an internal structure or armature that will be covered with some other material you need to list all the materials involved. Also think about how you want to finish your project and list that material as well.
2. Once you begin construction pay attention to the process. How are you going to finish your edges and seams? How do you plan to attach one part to another? Everything the viewer can see you as the artist must intend as part of your sculpture. A piece of tape, for example, should have meaning or purpose beyond holding the sculpture together or you need to hide it. Measure twice and cut once—cardboard, paper, anything else that might create a seam should be lined up and matched—same height, same width, same curved edge or straight edge. The viewer should not be able to tell what your sculpture is made from unless that is part of the intended meaning. For example, a wire sculpture is made of wire. Seeing the wire is intentional. A figure covered with plaster infused gauze on the other hand, is not meant to be plaster infused gauze therefore the gauze needs to be camouflaged.
3. Build your sculpture with the intention of it being displayed. Does your object need a base to hold it up or can it stand on its own? Will it need to be on a pedestal or will it stand on the floor? And remember—free standing sculpture is meant to be seen from multiple angles. Build it accordingly.
The following terms along with the information on your study guide will be on the Sculpture Quiz.
Sculpture—the branch of visual art that functions in 3-dimensional space. Work that has physical height, width, and depth.
Figurative—having to do with the human body or animals.
Objective—having to do with recognizable objects.
Pedestal—what a 3-dimensional work of art might sit on other than the floor.
Foot—the base or bottom of a sculpture. Sometimes this is seen as separate from the sculpture and sometimes it is incorporated into the piece.
Surface—the visible areas of a piece of art.
Assemblage—constructing a piece by building up materials.
Subtractive—constructing a piece by removing material.
Armature—the internal frame of a sculpture.