Put all your drawings in your personal folders. Put your name on the back just in case it gets separated from your folder.
EXERCISE ONE: TECHNIQUES FOR CREATING VOLUME AND FORM--5 separate drawings. Use 9"x12" white paper. The purpose of the five drawing techniques you will practice is to create the illusion of a three-dimension object with form and volume on a two-dimensional picture plane. They can also be used to give your object the appearance of texture. The rougher the technique the bumpier or scratchier the surface of the object will appear. The smoother the technique, the smoother the object.
Your goal in this exercise is to draw four spheres each with a diameter of 3" or more and one 3"x3" square. Use a different drawing technique to complete each of the drawings. First draw a sphere using curved hatch marks. Next, draw one using stipple. Finally, draw one using the scribble technique. Then draw a fourth sphere using one of those same techniques but after you have it fairly well drawn, use a blending tool to smear your marks together so the edges are blurred rather than harsh. Finally draw a square starting on one corner or side and moving to the opposite corner or side making your marks gradually lighter and lighter. Your finished square should seem like a continuous fade with no distinct lines. Refer to the hand out for an example of each of these techniques.
In order for your objects to avoid looking like they are simply floating in space you will need to ground them. Grounding an object can be accomplished in two fairly simply ways. The first way is to establish a horizon line--a line that crosses your picture plane from side to side. An object will appear to be sitting on a surface when your horizon line is drawn behind or above the objects on the page (Be careful not to draw the line through your objects). If your horizon line is drawn below the object, the object may (but does not always) still appear to be floating. The second thing an artist does to ground objects on the picture plane is to include a cast shadow. The cast shadow an object makes appears on the surface it sits on. It is directly opposite the part of the object that receives the most light and is roughly the same shape as your object. Unlike the object, a cast shadow generally has a uniform tone. Again, use the illustrations on the handout for a reference.
TECHNIQUES FOR CREATING SPACE--1 drawing use 9"x12" paper or larger In your last drawing you will create a landscape or simple outdoor scene that utilizes each of the five techniques for establishing space. These techniques include: overlapping, relative size, placement on the picture plane, readable detail, and intensity of color or tone. Object look farther away if they are behind other objects. They also look farther away if they repeat but one is drawn smaller than the other. Objects which appear lower on the picture plane tend to look closer to the viewer. Also, if one object includes more readable detailed than another it is seen as closer. Finally, the intensity of color and tone lessens the further an object is away from the viewer. This is especially true with landscapes; mountain ranges that appear behind other mountain ranges and behind others and behind others fade almost to the point of blending into the sky. For an illustration of each of these techniques and an example of what you need to draw, refer to the handout.
IF STUDENTS ARE INTERESTED IN TRYING THEIR HAND AT A FORMAL PERSPECTIVE DRAWING, I will be happy to give a demo and you can use a one point perspective for your drawing illustrating space. DUE DATE: Tuesday September 4.
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