The goal of the CHARCOAL CONTRAST drawings is to hone your shading and highlighting techniques. First, you will use black charcoal in a similar way to a graphite pencil. Then you will use the white “charcoal” pencil in the exact opposite manner. Instead of drawing the shadows and fading to the highlights you will draw the highlights and fade to the shadows. Even the cast shadow is backwards since you will need to draw the surface your object sits on as receiving more light than the shadow caused by the object. If you choose CHALK PASTEL apply what you have learned about shading, highlights, and color. In general, chalk blends better than graphite but it is also messier and will not erase as well. Take care that you don’t drag your hand through the chalk. You may use tracing paper as a barrier between your hand and your drawing.
ASSIGNMENT For this exercise you will make 2 drawings. Use 12” x 9” paper. You may use white on black, black on white, or pick any colored paper you would like. (If you pick colored paper use the same color for each drawing). Pick one or more objects from the cabinet, use your own shoe, find an object in the room, or bring one from home. No bigger than a bread box. If two people want to use the same objects draw them from different perspectives. For one drawing use black charcoal pencils and for the other use white charcoal pencils. If you want to try colored chalk pastels you may substitute those for one of the types of charcoal. Finally, DECIDE where your light source is and draw accordingly. DO NOT rely on the light in the room.
THINGS TO REMEMBER in order to be successful:
You are trying to create the illusion of form and volume.
Do NOT outline your objects. That “line” does not exist. What you actually see is a difference between light and dark—draw the difference!
Pay attention to your composition. Be intentional about placement. If the object is small or if it goes off the picture plane know why you drew it that way
Pay attention to the negative space as well as the positive space. Ground your objects with a horizon line and a cast shadow. REMEMBER: White charcoal is just the opposite of black charcoal and the space outside the cast shadow will be lighter (and therefore what you will need to draw).
Finally, Charcoal and chalk are messy. Use a piece of tracing paper to protect your drawing.